An exosome is a cellular by product that communicates with cells. Stem cells use exosomes to send signals to cells to tell them what to do.
A stem cell with an oil film around it. Part of the film turns into a bubble, which is the exosome. The information the stem cell contains goes into the bubble, and the bubble then breaks away from the stem cell. It goes to a nearby cell, makes contact, and becomes part of it. Then, it transfers the information it has to the new cell, telling it what to do.
How Are Exosomes Impacted by Age?
As you age, the number of exosomes your cells send decrease and your cells get older. However, exosomes may help to reduce the signs of aging. Assume you were to take stem cells from a 20-year-old and a 60-year-old. You place the stem cells on a table with a barrier between them, so they cannot touch. The exosomes would still communicate through that barrier, and the older stem cells would become younger. The cells show signs of reversing some of the characteristics of the aging process because that’s what the exosomes told them to do.
Why Do Exosomes Benefit People?
Researchers have discovered that exosomes are in control of the cellular environment. Through communication, exosomes implant the information needed to heal cells. The information packet might include microRNA and Growth Factors.
Who Benefits from Exosome Therapy?
Research is still being conducted on exosomes, however, studies have shown that exosomes create an anti-inflammatory response that can help people who suffer from autoimmune disease.
Researchers have also studied using exosomes for cosmetic treatments,
such as micro needling. Practitioners create inflammation, and then the exosomes communicate with the cells during the healing process.
How Long Before Exosome Therapy Start Working?
Exosomes are fast-acting. Researchers have discovered that once injected, exosomes produce an immediate reaction. The reaction lasts for approximately 24 hours. However, that doesn’t mean that people will see immediate results when undergoing exosome therapy. Exosomes insert microRNA into target cells. This RNA reprograms the cell, and that process can take up to eight weeks, although it might be months before people enjoy the results.
Do Exosomes Multiply?
Stem cells multiply, causing people to wonder if exosomes do the same thing. While they can share information that causes other cells to multiply, exosomes do not multiply.
How Does Make Sure Exosomes Are Safe Before Treatment?
Stem cells and exosomes are evaluated at cGMP-certified laboratories. During rigorous testing, the laboratory ensures that cGMP-grade manufacturing methods were used when procuring the exosomes.
Is It Possible for the Body to Reject Exosomes?
The surfaces of exosomes do not contain any immune markers. Because of this, it is very unlikely that a body would reject exosomes.
Can Exosomes Cause Tumors?
Because exosomes do not engraft into the DNA or multiply, they cannot cause tumors.